Artists who brought Revolution in different ARTS

(Please read this article with relative reference to the Indian continent)

Revolution is a very powerful word. Derived from the Latin word revolutio, “a turnaround”, it means a fundamental change in the existing ways. With time and technology, the face of the art that we know today was changed once by some people. We are going to take here names of which everybody has heard of but never really got a chance to read about them better.

Enlisting here the trend setters who changed the perception in different fields of Arts:

1. Dadasaheb Falke for FILMS

Before him, films didn’t exist!

Dhundiraj Govind Phalke, popularly known as Dadasaheb (30 April 1870 – 16 February 1944) was an Indian producer-director-screenwriter, known as the father of Indian cinema.

Starting with his debut film, Raja Harishchandra in 1913, now known as India’s first full-length feature, he made 95 movies and 26 short films in his career spanning 19 years, till 1937, including his most noted works: Mohini Bhasmasur (1913), Satyavan Savitri (1914), Lanka Dahan (1917), Shri Krishna Janma (1918) and Kaliya Mardan (1919).

The Dadasaheb Phalke Award, for lifetime contribution to cinema, was instituted in his honor by the Government of India in 1969. The award is one of the most prestigious awards in Indian cinema and is the highest official recognition for film personalities in the country.

Some interesting facts about the First Motion Picture – Raja Harishchanda

Advertisements seeking handsome actors for the lead role brought so much amateur and inadequate talent that Dadasaheb Phalke was forced to add a line saying “ugly faces need not apply.”
Dadasaheb Phalke was forced to cast a male actor, Anna Salunke, in the role of queen Taramati because acting was not considered a decent profession for women then.
Dadasaheb Phalke promoted his films as: “A performance with 57,000 photographs. A picture two miles long. All for only three annas.”

2. Chetan Bhagat for WRITING


Writing and literature is a deep grounded art for which not everybody has an interest but Chetan Bhagat wrote something which sold half a million copies in Indian Book market where the sale of 10,000 copies make a bestseller. Suddenly every youth in India was found walking, travelling or curling up with a Chetan Bhagat book! n the era when technology was on its onset, he managed to hook many youths to books.

Born 22 April 1974, Bhagat is an Indian author, columnist, and speaker. He is the author of bestselling novels, Five Point Someone (2004), One Night @ the Call Center (2005), The 3 Mistakes of My Life (2008), 2 States (2009), Revolution 2020 (2011), and What Young India Wants (2012). All the books have remained bestsellers since their release and three have inspired Bollywood films (including the hit films 3 Idiots and Kai Po Che!). The latest one inspired from “2 States” is set to release in March 2014. In 2008, The New York Times called Bhagat “the biggest selling English language novelist in India’s history.”

The differentiating factor was his extremely simplistic writing without demand of an extensive vocabulary of the reader. There seems to be a unanimous disapproval of Chetan Bhagat among the high-brow Indian writers but he did bring a revolution in Indian youth readers!

3. Jagjit Singh for MUSIC


Jagjit Singh is credited with opening up the ghazal to a whole new audience. Music composer Sanjeev Kohli sums it up:

“He made the common man’s drawing room a darbar. He brought his beloved ghazal out of the confines of the silver screen and aristocratic mehfils into the warmth of the middle class home.”

His only son Vivek died in a car crash in the year 1990. At that time he was only 21 years of age. This had a permanent shattering effect on him and his wife. Jagjit Singh’s wife Chitra Singh gave up singing after the tragic incident and ‘Someone Somewhere’ was the last album that the duo recorded together.

Poet Nida Fazil tells, after his son’s death, he was at a concert where there were many young people.

“I asked him, how come in this modern age of jeans and pop music, you had so many youngsters at the concert for ghazals? He replied, ‘It seems as if Babloo has reached heaven and told the young people to look after his father.’ “

Some interesting facts about the Ghazal Maestro


Singh’s 1987 album, Beyond Time, was the first digitally recorded release in India
It was Jagjit Singh who started the practice of paying lyricists a part of an album’s earnings.
In his initial days in Mumbai, Jagjit Singh used to make a living by composing jingles and performances at weddings.
It was Jagjit Singh who started the practice of paying lyricists a part of an album’s earnings.
The tickets for Jagjit Singh’s concert “Live at Royal Albert Hall” in 1982 were sold out in three hours.
4. MF Hussain for FINE ARTS

Maqbool Fida Hussain fondly known as MF Husain is known to begin the ‘modern art’ era in India.

Born into a Muslim family on 17 September 1915 in Pandharpur, Maharashtra, primarily self-taught, Hussain painted cinema posters in Mumbai early in his career. To earn extra money, he worked for a toy company designing and building toys. He often travelled to Gujarat to paint landscapes when he could afford to.

He was one of the original members of the Bombay Progressive Artists’ Group , a clique of young artists who wished to break with the nationalist traditions established by the Bengal school of art and to encourage an Indian tradition, engaged at an international level.

In 1967, he made his first film, Through the Eyes of a Painter which was shown at the Berlin Film Festival and won a Golden Bear (Short Film).

He was a special invitee along with Pablo Picasso at the Sao Paulo Biennial (Brazil) in 1971. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1973 and Padma Vibhushan in 1991.

Some Interesting Facts about Hussain

Hussain rose to become India’s most celebrated artist with many of his works commanding prices of millions of dollars.
His paintings made waves and stirred controversies across the globe. In the mid-1990s Hussain angered a section of Hindu community by painting the nude images of Hindu goddesses Durga and Saraswati.
He was even described by Forbes magazine as the “Picasso of India”.

Husain was famous for the muses he kept and the most talked about was his camaraderie with Indian actor, Madhuri Dixit. So much was his fondness for the actor and her acting credentials that the media had tagged him as ‘Madhuri Fida Husain’. His fondness for Bollywood actors continued post Madhuri’s marriage and the other actors who got an opportunity to be his muse were- Tabu, Amrita Rao and Anushka Sharma,
Controversial Work by M.F. Hussain:

Worst Controversies he was involved in

1.Bharat Mata: Tagged as Husain’s most controversial painting, ‘Bharat Mata’ was anything but a painting, it depictedMother India as a naked woman, in an exposed position with the names of Indian States on various parts of her bare body. The painting, when release for auction created quite a flutter in the country, for it was slammed for hurting the sentiments of Indians, who revere ‘Bharat Mata’. Also, it showed one of her hands (claimed to be North Kashmir) chopped off or blurred to some extent. This particular work infuriated a certain section of the society to this extent that Husain’s exhibition was vandalized and his public image went for a toss, followed by him taking a refuge in UAE, for he thought India was not safe for him anymore

2.Rape of India: As heavy as its name, Husain’s ‘Rape of India’ that was dedicated to Mumbai blasts, post the terrorist attacks on the city, caused much furor, represented India as a woman being raped, with an animal straddling her and of a man pulling her blouse away. This piece of art was taken to be nothing but a solid scorn on Husain’s part.

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